The course provides students with an opportunity to compare and contrast Islam with the theology, beliefs and books of Judaism and Christianity. A particular emphasis of the course will be an understanding of how the teachings, and practices of the Jews and Christians have evolved over time.
- Providing the student with an understanding of the beliefs of the nations from the beginning of creation until today.
- Clarifying the degree of influence of religion on the life of these nations.
- Enlightening the Muslim missionaries to study these beliefs in order to be better grounded to fulfill their role.
- Making students aware of the subtle effects of secularization and modernization and the fact that religion became complete with the prophethood of Muhammad (Peace be upon him).
II. Class Content
- History of Judaism
- Technical terms: Hebrews, Jews, Israelites
- The condition of the Jews when the Qur’aan was being revealed according to the Qur’aanic texts.
- Jewish Beliefs and Teachings: Hereafter, Sabbath, Yom Kippur, Jewish Festivals
- Jewish Religious Texts: Old Testament; its definition and books, Talmud: its history and teachings; Protocols of the Elders of Zion
- Jewish Sects
- The historical background to the birth of Christianity
- The Messiah in the Qur’aan
- The Messiah in the view of Christians
- The most important beliefs of Christians: Divinity of Jesus, Crucification, Atonement, the Original Sin
- Christian Teachings: Baptism, Communion, The Last Supper
- Christian Religious Books: Gospels and the Letters of Paul
- Main Christian Sects: Catholics, Orthodox, Protestants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons, Seventh Days Adventists, Born Again
A. Required Text:
- Mohammed Muhiyaddin, A Comparative Study of the Religions of Today
- Rifkin, Ira, Spiritual Perspectives on Globalization: Making Sense of Economic and Cultural Upheaval
B. Supplementary Texts:
- Ash-Shahrastaanee, al-Milal wan-Nihal
- Ahmad Shalabee, al-Yahoodiyyah wan-Nasraaniyyah
- Muhammad Aboo Zahrah, Muhaadaraat fee an-Nasraaniyyah